Arturo Alfonso Schomburg (January 24, 1874 – June 8, 1938) was a Puerto Rican bibliophile, collector, writer, and a key intellectual figure in the Harlem Renaissance, spent his life championing black history in the United States.
Schomburg migrated to New York City in 1891. Shortly after arriving, he co-founded Las Dos Antillas (The Two Islands), which sent aid for the independence cause in Puerto Rico and Cuba. Moving to Harlem and later Brooklyn, Schomburg is best known for his worldwide collection of literature, documents, manuscripts, and art and artifacts from and about the black world. The New York Public Library purchased his vast collection in 1926. Today, the Schomburg Center is home to 10 million items.
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